Sustainable livelihood development
Since the 1970s many development agencies have developed participatory methodologies for sustainable livelihood development as part of poverty reduction programmes. Many focus on developing opportunities through product or market diversification for the local market which can be controlled and independently developed by poor women and men as one dimension of developing skills, knowledge, increasing choices and strengthening bargaining power. These have often focused on cooperative development and marketing support to replace intermediaries, and since 1990s micro-finance and more recently financial education.
- Significant increases in incomes often requires changes in markets and other levels of the value chain.
- Most current methodologies are designed for growth-oriented entrepreneurs and smallholders rather than the very poor. Most require a certain level of literacy and/or business experience and/or resources before they are effective.
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